The criminal process in Panama is governed by the Accusatory Criminal System (Sistema Penal Acusatorio en Panamá) and one of the main reasons for its implementation was to speed up criminal proceedings, because late justice is not justice.
The accusatory criminal system (Sistema Penal Acusatorio) is a justice system that was already being used in other countries in the region, until it finally reached Panama.
It is evident that with the change from the Inquisitorial System to the Accusatory Penal System, criminal proceedings in Panama have been made faster, and every year we are improving all the details between judges, prosecutors and lawyers to have a better Justice System in the country .
The Accusatory criminal system is made up of four phases.
The investigation phase:
The process begins on this phase and it can last several months between 6-8 months depending on each case.
This stage begins at the end of the investigation phase and the prosecutor has ten days to announce it.
This phase is also called negotiation, since for some crimes both victim and accused parties can negotiate. There are some crimes that can be negotiated, there are other crimes that cannot.
If both parties manage to negotiate, the process can be ended.
Once the intermediate phase is finished, the Oral Trial phase begins.
Oral Trial Phase:
This is the stage where both parties present their respective defenses and where the respective evidence will be supported.
This is the last phase and it is where the judge makes his decision and the execution of the sentence is carried out.
Panama is considered the most developed country in Central America and this attracts many people from different parts of the world for work or business reasons. This migratory flow often brings all kinds of situations with it.
If you have been arrested or have any type of problem in Panama, it is important that you know that you can take legal action for your case.
Every person who has been detained has the right to have a defense and this is contemplated in the Constitution of our country.
For criminal cases it is important to have a lawyer, because it can make the difference between getting out of jail quickly or spending months or even years in detention, simply due to ignorance.
There are actions that are taken when the person has been arrested, and a lawyer who handles the process and the resources to file is important. The lawyer will use his experience and knowledge to request a favorable measure for his client.
We are located in Panama City and we have fourteen years of experience.
We are duly registered in the Supreme Court of Justice and in the Panama Bar Association.
We have a group of specialized criminal lawyers to assist you, whether you are a victim or accused at any stage of the process, we can represent you.